Iranian and Greek Dualistic Concepts of Physical and Moral Evil

Christoph Elsas


The article deals with 1) Western European categories; 2) The eschatological monotheistic tendency of dualism in Iranian tradition; 3) Imperialistic dualism and religious anti-imperialistic dualism in Mesopotamia, Iran, Israel; 4) The dialectical polytheistic tendency of dualism in Greek tradition and its Christian and Gnostic modifications.


physical evil, moral evil, iranian dualism, greek dualism, imperialistic dualism, religious anti-imperialistic dualism

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