Control in Greek gerunds: Implicit arguments and other factors

George Kotzoglou

Abstract


This paper discusses the control properties of the subjects of Greek gerunds. First, we discuss the control properties of overt subjects that are disjoint in reference from matrix arguments and we conclude that these subjects constitute only apparent counterexamples to the requirement that only controlled null elements appear as subjects of non-finite forms in non-case-marked positions. Then, we focus on covert subjects that are non-coreferential with matrix overt arguments. We conclude that such subjects can only be present when controlled by an implicit argument of the matrix clause. Finally, we point out some problematic aspects of the proposal put forth here.

Keywords


gerunds, control, implicit argument, Greek

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ackema, P. 2002. A morphological approach to the absence of expletive PRO. UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 14: 291-319.

Alexiadou, A. 1996. Subject positions in Modern Greek. Studies in Greek Linguistics 16: 242-253.

Alexiadou, A., E. Anagnostopoulou, G. Iordăchioaia & M. Marchis. 2010. No objections to backward control. In N. Hornstein & M. Polinsky (eds), Movement theory of control. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 89-117.

Alexiadou, A. & M. Stavrou. 1998. On derived nominals in Greek. In B.D. Joseph, G.C. Horrocks & I. Philippaki-Warburton (eds), Themes in Greek linguistics II. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 101-129.

Anagnostopoulou, E. 1999. On experiencers. In A. Alexiadou, G. Horrocks & M. Stavrou (eds), Studies in Greek syntax. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 67-93.

Bhatt, R. & R. Pancheva. 2006. Implicit arguments. In M. Everaert & H. van Riemsdijk (eds), The Blackwell companion to syntax, vol. 2. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 558-588.

Biberauer, T. 2010. Semi null-subject languages, expletives and expletive pro revisited. In T. Biberauer, A. Holmberg, I. Roberts & M. Sheehan (eds), Parametric variation: Null subjects in minimalist theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 153-199.

Bouboulides, P. 1946. Η μετοχή στα Νεοελληνικά [The participle in Modern Greek]. Athens.

Chatzisavvidis, S. 2009. Γραμματική της νέας ελληνικής [Grammar of Modern Greek]. Thessaloniki: Vanias.

Chomsky, N. 1995. The minimalist program. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Collins, C. 2005. A smuggling approach to the passive in English. Syntax 8: 81-120.

Condoravdi, C. 1989. The middle: Where semantics and morphology meet. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 11: 18-30.

Eriksen, P.K., S. Kittilä & L. Kolehmainen. 2012. Weather and language. Language and Linguistics Compass 6: 383-402.

Haidou, K. & I. Sitaridou. 2002. The licensing of subjects in Greek gerunds. SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics 12: 189-197.

Haspelmath, M. 1995. The converb as a crosslinguistically valid category. In M. Haspelmath & E. König (eds), Converbs in cross-linguistic perspective: Structure and meaning of adverbial verbal forms. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1-55.

Iwata, S. 1999. On the status of implicit arguments in middles. Journal of Linguistics 35: 527-553.

Kapetangianni, D. 2010. The minimalist syntax of control in Greek. PhD dissertation, The University of Michigan.

Keyser, S.J. & T. Roeper. 1984. On the middle and ergative constructions in English. Linguistic Inquiry 15: 381-416.

Landau, I. 2010. The explicit syntax of implicit arguments. Linguistic Inquiry 41: 357-388.

Lavidas, N. 2009. Transitivity alternations in diachrony: Changes in argument structure and voice morphology. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Lekakou, M. 2005. In the middle, somewhat elevated: The semantics of middles and its crosslinguistic realization. PhD dissertation, University College London.

Manolessou, I. 2005. From participles to gerunds. In M. Stavrou & A. Terzi (eds), Advances in Greek generative syntax: Essays in honor of Dimitra Theophanopoulou-Kontou. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 241-283.

Manzini, M.R. & A. Roussou. 2000. A minimalist theory of A-movement and control. Lingua 110: 409-447.

Mettouchi, A. & M. Tosco. 2011. Impersonal configurations and theticity: The case of meteorological predications in Afroasiatic. In A. Malcukov & A. Siewierska (eds), Impersonal constructions: A cross-linguistic perspective. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 307-322.

Moser, A. 2006. The Greek forms in -ontas: A study in ‘converbiality’, temporality, aspectuality and finiteness. Glossologia 17: 43-67.

Nakas, T. 2012. Για το ελληνικό "γερούνδιο ή "γκερουντίβο" ή "γερουνδιακό" (άλλως πως “far from the madding gerund”!) [On the Greek ‘gerund’ or ‘gerundivum’ or [gerundive] (in other words “far from the madding gerund”!)]. In Z. Gavriilidou, A. Efthymiou, E. Thomadaki & P. Kambakis-Vougiouklis (eds), Selected papers from the 10th ICGL. Komotini: Democritus University of Thrace, 990-999.

Panagiotidis, P. 2010. Nonargumental mixed projections. Syntax 13: 165-182.

Polinsky, M. & E. Potsdam. 2002. Backward control. Linguistic Inquiry 33: 245-282.

Polinsky, M. & E. Potsdam. 2006. Expanding the scope of control and raising. Syntax 9: 171-192.

Rivero, M.L. 1994. Clause structure and V-movement in the languages of the Balkans. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 12: 63-120.

Roeper, T. 1987. Implicit arguments and the head-complement relation. Linguistic Inquiry 18: 167-310.

Safir, K. 1985. Syntactic chains. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sichel, I. 2010. Towards a typology of control in DPs. In N. Hornstein & M. Polinsky (eds), Movement theory of control. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 245-266.

Sitaridou, I. & K. Haidou. 2002. Η αρχή της νομιμοποίησης των υποκειμένων στα ελληνικά γερούνδια [The principle of licensing of subjects in Greek gerunds]. Studies in Greek Linguistics 22: 583-592.

Spyropoulos, V. & I. Philippaki-Warburton, 2010. Φαινόμενα ανύψωσης στην Ελληνική [Raising phenomena in Greek]. Studies in Greek Linguistics 30: 574-588.

Steinbach, M. 2002. The middle voice: A comparative study in the syntax-semantic interface in German. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Tantalou, N. 2004. Gerunds in modern Greek. Ms., Johns Hopkins University.

Tsimpli, I.-M. 2000. Gerunds in Greek. Journal of Greek Linguistics 1: 133-169.

Tsokoglou, A. & S. Kleidi. 2002. Οι δομές των μετοχών σε -ondas και -menos [The structure of participles in -ontas and -menos]. In C. Clairis (ed.), Recherches en Linguistique Grecque. Actes du 5e Colloque International de Linguistique Grecque. Vol. II. Paris: L’Harmattan, 279-282.

Tsoulas, G. 1996. Notes on temporal interpretation and control in Modern Greek gerunds. York Working Papers in Linguistics 17: 441-470.

Tzartzanos, A. [1946]1989. Νεοελληνική σύνταξις της κοινής δημοτικής [Modern Greek syntax of the standard Demotic], 2nd ed. Thessaloniki: Kyriakidis Publishing.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 George Kotzoglou

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, unless otherwise stated.